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首页 > 海洋书城 > 海洋科技类 > 海洋地质

中国海岸侵蚀脆弱性评价及示范应用

定 价: ¥ 260.00

会员价: ¥ 221.00

348

浏览次数

作者:蔡锋 等 著

出版日期:2020-11-26

ISBN:978-7-5210-0425-0

装帧:平装

页数:312

版次:B1

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内容简介

本书是一部较系统的中国海岸侵蚀论著,写作过程中除吸收大量国内外研究成果和新理念外,更注重作者团队多年调查和观测成果的应用和总结。全书内容共分三部分。第一篇:总论,归纳了海岸侵蚀现象的基本表现形式与分类,提出的海岸侵蚀定义,明确指出是海岸组成物质趋于易亏损状态的脆弱性改变,并提出我国海岸侵蚀具有明显的区域分布特点;阐述了以“影响、脆弱性和适应性”为主题的海岸侵蚀评价模型及其研究意义;介绍了我国海岸侵蚀的调查研究历史和沿岸区域海洋与海岸的自然环境。第二篇:中国海岸侵蚀影响状况,在介绍中国海岸侵蚀现状特征的基础上,着重论述我国自然岸线保有率急剧锐减的状况及其造成的侵蚀隐患与策略建议;根据中国大陆东部新构造运动以来地壳升降变形控制海岸地质地貌及侵蚀特点的地球动力学原理,论述了我国沿海地区固有侵蚀特征的36个不同的自然分区状况。第三篇:中国大陆沿岸海岸侵蚀脆弱性评价,介绍了2010年前“908专项”海岸侵蚀评价研究成果中提出的几项主要评价内容与方法,以及2010年以来有关海岸侵蚀脆弱性综合评价的发展状况,特别是较详细地论述了运用云模型理论对我国大陆沿岸侵蚀脆弱性进行综合评价的一系列新方法,并对其评价结果做出分析与研究,据此提出现阶段我国应对海岸侵蚀灾害的预测与预防措施。本书所取得的我国大陆沿岸近期海岸侵蚀脆弱性等级划分图和研究成果,突破了传统的对海岸侵蚀认识的局限性,为今后我国深入开展海岸侵蚀评估提供示范应用。同时,本书可为海岸带开发规划和我国正在开展的“实施海岸带生态保护修复工程”提供科学依据,亦可作为广大海岸科学研究工作者及相关专业师生学习研究的参考资料。

目录

第1章 基本概念 ······················································ 2
1.1 海岸侵蚀 ················································································ 2
1.1.1 海岸侵蚀定义 ······················································· 2
1.1.2 海岸侵蚀具明显的区域性分布特点 ·························································· 3
1.1.3 海岸侵蚀的表现形式 ·················································································· 4
1.1.4 海岸侵蚀类型划分 ···················································································· 11
1.1.5 海岸侵蚀的危害性 ···················································································· 14
1.1.6 海岸侵蚀的定量分级标准 ········································································ 14
1.2 海岸侵蚀评价及若干相关概念的含义 ································································ 15
第2章 海岸侵蚀影响、脆弱性和适应性评价模型 ············································· 18
2.1 概述 ···························································································· 18
2.2 侵蚀影响评估 ········································································································ 20
2.3 侵蚀脆弱性评估 ···································································································· 21
2.3.1 脆弱性研究的提出及相关评估内容 ························································ 21
2.3.2 评估框架及方法 ························································································ 23
2.3.3 海岸侵蚀脆弱性指数评估技术方法 ························································ 25
2.4 侵蚀适应性评估与管理 ························································································ 31
2.4.1 适应性研究的提出与评估目标 ································································ 31
2.4.2 海岸侵蚀适应性评估的核心概念联系 ···················································· 32
2.4.3 适应性评估的内容及方法 ············································ 33


中国海岸侵蚀脆弱性评估及示范应用
Coastal Erosion Vulnerability Assessment and Demonstration in China
2.4.4 岸滩自然适应工程措施的选择 ································································ 35
2.4.5 人类社会系统的适应性管理策略 ···························································· 37
第3章 海岸侵蚀评价的研究意义 ············································································· 38
3.1 生态环境研究意义 ····································································· 38
3.2 社会经济意义 ················································································· 39
3.3 科学研究意义 ················································································ 39
第4章 我国海岸侵蚀调查研究简史 ········································································· 42
4.1 研究背景——全球变化研究为社会服务的兴起 ················································ 42
4.2 作为一种地质灾害的调查研究历史 ···································································· 43
4.3 海岸侵蚀灾害评价研究历史与现状 ···································································· 45
第5章 中国海岸侵蚀的区域自然环境 ···································································· 49
5.1 构造地质背景 ········································································································ 49
5.2 现代海岸的基本特征 ···························································································· 53
5.2.1 陆架、海岸带轮廓及海岸线曲折率分布特点 ········································ 53
5.2.2 沿海陆地地貌的区域性差异 ···································································· 55
5.2.3 现代滨岸沉积与海岸类型的分布特点 ···················································· 56
5.2.4 近期海岸淤蚀演变及在侵蚀问题面临三大挑战 ···································· 60
5.3 海平面变化 ············································································································ 62
5.3.1 海平面变化概述 ························································································ 62
5.3.2 中国沿海近百年来海平面变化及预测 ···················································· 63
5.3.3 海平面上升对我国海岸侵蚀的影响 ························································ 65
5.4 海岸带气候 ············································································································ 66
5.5 海岸带海洋水文环境 ···························································································· 66
5.5.1 沿岸潮汐和潮流特征 ················································································ 66
5.5.2 近海环流及其季节变化 ············································································ 69


5.5.3 近岸波浪及风暴潮 ···················································································· 73
5.6 河流入海径流量和输沙量的变化 ········································································ 76
5.6.1 构造沉降带和隆起带的区域性差异 ························································ 76
5.6.2 年内与年际变化的一般特征 ···································································· 77
参考文献 ························································································································· 78
第二篇 中国海岸侵蚀影响状况
第6章 海岸侵蚀现状基本特征 ·················································································· 84
6.1 海岸侵蚀分布具普遍性和区域差异性 ································································ 84
6.1.1 全国沿海3类型海岸的侵蚀情况 ······························································ 84
6.1.2 我国四大陆缘海海岸侵蚀岸线占其总岸线的比例 ································ 87
6.1.3 以杭州湾为界,我国北方、南方软质海岸的侵蚀比例 ························ 87
6.1.4 平直海岸侵蚀远较海湾海岸严重 ···························································· 87
6.1.5 河口附近海岸侵蚀不断加剧 ···································································· 87
6.2 构造活动及气候分带明显控制海岸侵蚀的分布格局 ········································ 88
6.2.1 地质构造运动对海岸侵蚀特征的控制作用 ············································ 88
6.2.2 南、北气候分带在侵蚀类型表现上的差别 ············································ 89
6.3 侵蚀类型及侵蚀原因复杂多样 ············································································ 90
6.3.1 海岸侵蚀类型多样化,且多与其他海岸带灾害相互叠加 ···················· 90
6.3.2 侵蚀影响因素复杂多变 ············································································ 90
6.3.3 海岸侵蚀作用季节性变化明显 ································································ 90
6.3.4 岸滩蚀淤变化错综复杂,且共存现象普遍 ············································ 90
6.4 人类活动对海岸侵蚀有突出的影响 ···································································· 93
6.4.1 河流流域开发与日俱增加剧侵蚀影响 ···················································· 93
6.4.2 滨岸普遍盲目采沙直接加剧海岸侵蚀 ···················································· 93
6.4.3 海岸生态自然保护被破坏,造成严重侵蚀灾害 ···································· 95
6.4.4 不合理海岸工程建设加大海岸侵蚀压力 ················································ 97

第8章 沿岸海岸侵蚀固有特征分区 ······································································· 131
........

第三篇 中国大陆沿岸海岸侵蚀脆弱性评价
第9章 海岸侵蚀评价的内容、方法及研究进展 ················································ 221
9.1 2010年前海岸侵蚀评价的主要内容与方法 ······················································ 221
9.1.1 海岸侵蚀强度评价 ·················································································· 221
9.1.2 海岸侵蚀危险性评价 ·············································································· 222
9.1.3 海岸侵蚀灾情评价 ·················································································· 225
9.1.4 海岸侵蚀经济影响评价 ·········································································· 226
9.2 2010年后海岸侵蚀脆弱性综合评价的发展 ······················································ 227
9.2.1 海岸侵蚀脆弱性评价的经典内容与方法 ·············································· 227
9.2.2 关于海岸侵蚀脆弱性综合评价的展望 ·················································· 228
第10章 我国大陆沿岸海岸侵蚀脆弱性云模型综合评价 ······························· 237
10.1 项目综合评价研究工作纲领 ············································································ 237
10.1.1 基本思路 ······························································································ 237
10.1.2 本项目综合评价体系的层次框架 ······················································ 238
10.1.3 云模型理论综合评价系统流程图 ······················································ 238
10.1.4 海岸侵蚀脆弱性评估的评语集V云模型 ··········································· 240
10.2 评价单元的划分 ································································································ 241
10.2.1 划分方法与基本原则 ·········································································· 241
10.2.2 划分的地质构造背景意义 ·································································· 241
10.2.3 划分的评价单元Ej列述 ······································································· 242
10.3 评估指标体系及因子指标样本数据矩阵的构建 ············································ 247
10.3.1 建立评价指标体系的原则及分层特点 ·············································· 247
10.3.2 因子指标样本观测数据的提取 ·························································· 248
10.3.3 构建原始样本数据矩阵S=(sij)10×36 ····················································· 254
10.3.4 计算规范化评价矩阵R=(rij)10×36 ························································· 255

中国海岸侵蚀脆弱性评估及示范应用
Coastal Erosion Vulnerability Assessment and Demonstration in China
10.4 基础评价程序计算 ···························································································· 257
10.4.1 基础评价云模型子程序计算 ······························································ 257
10.4.2 指标体系权重分配及Ci集合加权聚集云W子程序计算 ··················· 261
10.5 项目综合评价程序计算及其结果分析 ···························································· 278
10.5.1 各个评价单元综合评价云集合Ej数字特征计算 ······························· 278
10.5.2 利用正向云算法生成云集合Ej对应的评价云图 ······························· 279
10.5.3 项目综合评价结果分析 ······································································ 281
10.5.4 新时代我国海岸侵蚀灾害预测及预防措施 ······································ 295

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